Architect and engineer Pieter Stoutjesdijk (Middelharnis, 1987) believes it’s time for a new industrial revolution. The first brought mass-produced goods to large numbers of people. But it came with pollution, dismal working conditions, and a highly unequal distribution of wealth and prosperity. Stoutjesdijk imagines that a combination of open-source design and local computer-controlled manufacturing will lead to a new type of industry, in which the benefits of design and production are no longer the domain of a small elite and ideas, manufacturing equipment, and technology will be shared freely.
Stoutjesdijk’s interest in these ideas surged while at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology in Boston, when he took the course, “How to Make (Almost) Anything.” Later, for his 2013 graduation project at Delft University of Technology, he developed an open, online database of digital construction component blueprints. Using these blueprints, he even designed housing intended for inhabitants of Port-au-Prince, Haiti, who had lost their homes in the devastating 2010 earthquake. His design uses 122 ECO Boards, which are panels that can be produced locally from crop residues, agricultural waste (e.g. grass, pruning chips, or reeds), and a non-toxic binder. These panels can be cut to size with an accuracy of 0.1 mm on a CMC milling machine, allowing for a perfectly tight friction fit during simple assembly using a rubber mallet. Stoutjesdijk’s house has a parabolic roof for collecting rainwater, which can be purified on-site for consumption or, alternatively, heated by the sun to generate usable energy from steam.
For the Haiti house, Stoutjesdijk had to balance simplicity, adaptability, local needs, efficient use of materials, production time, structural requirements to resist external forces (e.g. hurricane winds), ease of assembly, and aesthetics. It is a clear demonstration of where a novel approach to manufacturing can lead. He hopes large-scale construction of his Haiti house will soon be realized, perhaps with minor modifications, elsewhere in the world. In the meantime, a first prototype has been erected right here, at the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam.
Pieter Stoutjesdijk is one of the 26 designers and studios that are selected for the group show Dream Out Loud – Designing for Tomorrow’s Demands. The exhibition can be visited from 26 August 2016 in the Stedelijk Museum Amsterdam. Read more about the exhibition or order tickets.
POST-DISASTER SHELTER for HAÏTI
Made possible by ‘Creative Industries Fund NL’